The European Union`s free trade agreement contributes to EU growth: in 2018, the EU was the world`s second largest exporter (15.5%) before the United States (10.6%) China (15.8%).  61.The agreement also authorizes the United Kingdom and Tunisia to recognize products or materials originating in the STATES of EFTA (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein), Turkey and other contracting parties to the PEM23 agreement as products originating in the United Kingdom or Tunisia. The list of countries where “work and transformation” can be considered “work and transformation” in the UK or Tunisia is more limited. For the United Kingdom, in addition to the EU and Tunisia, they are Iceland, Norway, Morocco and Algeria. For Tunisia, only the work or transformation carried out in the Uk, Morocco or Algeria can be recognised as being from Tunisia. These broader cumulative provisions are subject to free trade agreements between the parties concerned. 57.As an association agreement, it is broader than a free trade agreement and involves commitments of cooperation in areas such as agriculture, education, energy and culture. The agreement is also in line with the human rights provisions of the eu-Tunisia agreement, which provide for the possibility of “appropriate measures”, including the suspension of the agreement, in the event of a substantial violation by one of the parties. 23.Under Article 116, each party can submit proposals for amendments to the agreement, which will then have to be adopted by the Joint Council, the main governing body created as part of the agreement. Parliament`s report notes that any changes that would require changes to UK law would allow Parliament to “examine and discuss such changes in UK law in the usual way.” However, as we have seen in previous reports, this may create a vacuum of control in cases where changes do not require changes to national legislation.
That is why we reiterate our previous recommendation that the government should regularly report to Parliament on changes to international agreements to support appropriate control in the future.6 9.To the gap between the exit of a non-agreement agreement reached at the time of 31 October 2019 and the ability of the parties to provisionally implement the agreement, the United Kingdom and the CSO countries have agreed on a non-binding manner. The MoU was a precautionary measure designed to ensure the continuity of trade. It would have confirmed the intention of the parties to apply, mutatis mutandis4, the EU-SADC EPA for the period during which the EU agreement will no longer apply to the United Kingdom and the entry into force of the agreement between the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom and the SACUM. In the end, the MOU was not necessary. However, we reiterate the point raised in our report on the review of international agreements: the lessons that the invocation of an agreement in such circumstances “blurring the lines between a legally binding international agreement and a politically binding agreement and raising concerns about the lack of review of the agreement”. 5 The EU-Lebanon Association Agreement has gradually liberalised trade in goods between the EU and Lebanon. Its gradual implementation was planned between 2008 and 2014 and Lebanese industrial products and most agricultural products benefit from free access to the EU market to create a bilateral free trade area 63.The agreement between the UNITED Kingdom and Tunisia, like its previous agreement, does not contain substantial obligations to protect geographical indicators (GIs). The agreement builds on the trips agreement commitments under the TRIPS agreement, unlike the recent EU trade agreements, which contain general provisions on gis. During the Brexit negotiations between the EU and the UK, there were concerns about the lack of agreement on the terms of withdrawal and the fact that the UK would hastily leave the EU without any deal (the initial scenario of Brexit without a deal). With this result a possibility, the United Kingdom secured a pure trade agreement with Norway and